Malaysia is a member of the Southeast Asian country occupying the Malaysian Peninsula and part of the island of Borneo. It's known for its beaches, rainforests and mix of Malay, Chinese, Indian and European influences. The sprawling capital, Kuala Lumpur, is home to colonial buildings, busy shopping districts such as Bukit Bintang and skyscrapers including the iconic, 451m-tall Petronas Twin Towers.
The official language of Malaysia is Malaysian a standardised form of the Malay language. The terminology as per government policy is Bahasa Malaysia (literally "Malaysian language") but legislation continues to refer to the official language as Bahasa Melayu (literally "Malay language"). English remains an active second language, with its use allowed for some official purposes under the National Language Act of 1967. Many other languages are used in Malaysia, which contains speakers of 137 living language. Peninsular Malaysia contains speakers of 41 of these languages. The native tribes of East Malaysia have their own languages which are related to, but easily distinguishable from, Malay. Iban is the main tribal language in Sarawak while Dusunic and Kadazan languages are spoken by the natives in Sabah.] Chinese Malaysians predominantly speak Chinese dialects from the southern provinces of China. The more common Chinese varieties in the country are Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainanese, and Fuzhou. Tamil is used predominantly by Tamils, who form a majority of Malaysian Indians. Other South Asian languages are also widely spoken in Malaysia, as well as Thai] A small number of Malaysians have Caucasian ancestry and speak creole languages, such as the Portuguese-based Malaccan Creoles, and the Spanish-based Chavacano language.
The characteristic features of the climate of Malaysia are uniform temperature, high humidity and copious rainfall. Winds are generally light. Situated in the equatorial doldrum area, it is extremely rare to have a full day with completely clear sky even during periods of severe drought. On the other hand, it is also rare to have a stretch of a few days with completely no sunshine except during the northeast monsoon seasons.
- Seasonal Rainfall Variation in Peninsular Malaysia
The seasonal variation of rainfall in Peninsular Malaysia is of three main types:
- Over the east coast states, November, December and January are the months with maximum rainfall, while June and July are the driest months in most districts.
- Over the rest of the Peninsula with the exception of the southwest coastal area, the monthly rainfall pattern shows two periods of maximum rainfall separated by two periods of minimum rainfall. The primary maximum generally occurs in October - November while the secondary maximum generally occurs in April - May. Over the Northwestern region, the primary minimum occurs in January -February with the secondary minimum in June - July while elsewhere the primary minimum occurs in June - July with the secondary minimum in February.
- The rainfall pattern over the southwest coastal area is much affected by early morning " Sumatras" from May to August with the result that the double maxima and minima pattern is no longer distinguishable. October and November are the months with maximum rainfalls and February the month with the minimum rainfall. The March - April - May maximum and the June -July minimum rainfalls are absent or indistinct.
Area planted with vegetables in Malaysia is more than 44,000 ha. The production of vegetables is at 637,000 million metric tons. Vegetable in Malaysia are largely produced in Cameron Highland, Ranau Sabah, Lojing Kelantan for highland vegetables such as cabbage, tomato and cauliflower. As for lowland the production areas are Simpang Renggam, Kluang, Kota Tinggi Johor, Kelantan, Senai, and Johor. Under 10th Malaysia Plan the vegetable production is estimated to increase in area and quality with the National Key Economy Area (NKEA) project implementation. From 22 types of vegetable grown in Malaysia, Brasicca spp (sawi) is the largest vegetable grown. The second largest variety is Kangkung followed by cucumber and chili. Other vegetables grown are brinjal, bean, loofa and tomato, salad, cauliflower and many more.
The voltage used in Malaysia is 230/240 volts 50 Hz. If your electrical appliances use 230/240 volts, you may just need to use the wall outlet plug adapters WA-7. Malaysia uses the British Standard BS 1363 domestic AC power plugs and sockets
(more info at http://travelmalaysiaguide.com/ )
Kuala Lumpur is adept at reconciling the old with the new. How the city excels at striking this balance is clearly observed in how the colonial fachada and structure of the Sultan Abdul Samad building blends intimately with the tall, freestanding wonder of The Petronas Twin Towers. Naturally, there’s more to the face and feature of Kuala Lumpur than these two world famous landmarks. The old railway station is one. The Masjid Jamek is another. And then, there’s the new headquarters of Telekom Malaysia that curves skyward in its design and daring. One thing you’ll discover in Kuala Lumpur is the many priceless moments you get to sit back and reflect. Amidst the hustle and bustle of a metropolitan city, lies a calming yet serious appreciation of culture and the crafts.
Melaka : Declared as the Historical City of Malaysia, Melaka offers travelers a taste of what life was like centuries ago. Today, some parts of the city still retain an old-world charm left by Melaka’s past rulers especially the Malay Sultanate and later the Portuguese, Dutch and the British.
Langkawi Island : The island of Langkawi, Malaysia is an exotic holiday destination that offers accommodation of all kinds (from budget beach chalets to the most sybaritic five star resorts) and amenities sitting side by side with idyllic beaches, ancient rainforests and quaint villages. Langkawi Malaysia is an archipelago of 99 tropical islands (or 104, depending on tide) off the north-western coast of Peninsular Malaysia, about 30km from Kuala Perlis on the mainland. The island was named after two Malay words – ‘lang’ (eagle) and ‘kawi’ (reddish brown), hence the imposing eagle statue at Dataran Lang (Eagle Square), welcoming visitors who arrive on the island through the Kuah Jetty.The archipelago has some of the world’s most pristine rainforests, limestone and karst formations, caves with stunning stalactites and stalagmites, and among the world’s most beautiful beaches washed by clear emerald waters teeming with marine life. ATMs and Money Exchange booths are available at the Langkawi Airport, at Langkawi Parade Shopping Complex and next to Underwater World at Pantai Cenang.Langkawi is a duty-free island, and alcohol is significantly cheaper here than in the rest of Malaysia. Hotel tariffs and retail goods are exempt from government duty. Visitors with more than 48 hr stay in Langkawi are exempt on items like wines and liquor (1 liter), tobacco (200 cigarettes), apparel, cosmetics, souvenirs and gifts, food and food preparations and portable electronic items (one item).
Putrajaya : The pink-domed Putra Mosque is constructed with rose-tinted granite and can accommodate 15,000 worshippers at any one time. The basement wall of the mosque resembles that of the King Hassan Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. The mosque consists of three main functional areas - the prayer hall, the Sahn, or courtyard, and various learning facilities and function rooms. The prayer hall is simple and elegant, supported by 12 columns. The highest point below the dome is 250 feet above ground level. The Sahn, landscaped with several decorative water features and bordered by colonnades, provides a huge yet welcoming and beautiful prayer space. Its impressive minaret is influenced by the design of the Sheikh Omar Mosque in Baghdad. At 116m, it is one of the tallest minarets in the region and has five tiers, representing the Five Pillars of Islam.
Sabah : Have an incentive holiday in a land where nature comes alive in all its glory. Blessed with nature’s most admirable creations, you’ll be bowled over by the sheer variety of attractions available in Sabah. Climb the majestic Mount Kinabalu, one of Southeast Asia’s highest peaks, jungle trek though Danum Valley or travel to Sukau to see wild Orang Utans and Proboscis Monkeys. In Sabah, you can also experience beautiful islands and the thriving capital city Kota Kinabalu.
Pulau Redang : One of the largest and the most beautiful of the east-coast islands, Pulau Redang has, inevitably, been targeted by big developers, and there are few options for the independent traveler; nearly all visitors come on all-inclusive package deals. Pulau Redang is one of nine islands that form a protected marine park, and it offers excellent diving and snorkeling. Of most interest to travelers are the beautiful bays on the eastern side of the island, including Teluk Dalam, Teluk Kalong and Pasir Panjang. Most resorts are located around the sandy beaches at Teluk Kalong and Pasir Panjang. Berjaya Beach Resort is located at Teluk Dalam, a bay that is so sheltered that it is hardly affected by the northeast monsoon.
There are number of exciting cultural and traditional events will be held in September 2016 which can be a fun filling experience for symposium participants such as:
- Malaysia Day is annually held on September 16 to commemorate the establishment of the Malaysian federation, which occurred on September 16 of 1963. Since 2010 Prime Minister Najib Razak has turned Malaysia Day into a public holiday and the celebrations are held at various points across the country. The Malaysia Day Celebration is not the Independence Day, but rather a celebration honoring when Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore joined together to establish the new federation of Malaysia. In other words, Malaysia Day Celebration is Malaysia’s birthday and a food festival, as well as cultural performances, parades can be found on this day. Participants could join the celebration
- Traditional Games Festival
18 - 19 September 2016 - Taman Tasik Titiwangsa, KL
The Traditional Games Festivals will be held at Taman Tasik Titiwangsa, Kuala Lumpur. It is aimed to revive and showcase to the public as well as the foreign tourists about the diversity and uniqueness of traditional games from various races in Malaysia.
Bahagian Pengembangan Budaya, JKKN
Phone: 603-2614 8200 / 8316 / 03-2072 6431/6779
Fax: 603-2697 1067